Video: "Icarus", Which You & Nbsp; Say "wow", Or 8 & Nbsp; Reasons To Dream About & Nbsp; Travel
No matter how old you are, just say Ikarus - and your imagination will draw the “that” bus from your youth. Definitely yellow, with an accordion trailer and panoramic windows. I wanted to sit in this one, even if the routes did not coincide. Yes, 30 years ago, imported Hungarian "Ikarus" were very cool, but few knew about the true level of coolness. Here are some eye-popping modifications.
Ikarus bullet with business class
In fact, it all started over a hundred years ago - in the distant black and white 1895. Brrrr! First, carriages, then airplanes, pontoons, buses - and by 1953, the well-groomed company Ikarus presents an incredibly stylish Model 55: a streamliner bus with an 11.5-meter body and a cabin for 32 seats. Motor "fifty-fifth" was in the back, and free access to it was opened by a pair of doors, which swung open in the manner of the jaw of an insect.
There were plenty of amenities inside: the interior was comfortable, the chairs were soft, and most importantly: in the bow of this land liner there was its own business class with tables, table lamps and curtains. Lux as it is! By the way, later on the basis of model 55 "Ikarus" will create an improved version of Lux.
Ikarus post office, hotel and conference hall
A city bus is not only passengers, but also cargo. For example, mail, for the transportation of which Ikarus had a modification 630.28, built on the basis of the heir to the 55th series.
There were no rows of chairs in the cabin of the Ikarus post office, except for a couple of seats for service personnel. The space on the sides of the aisle was occupied by separate areas for parcels and folding shelves. It was in the sixties, and the latest circulation of the Nemzeti Sport newspaper "arrived" on time.
But where you could flip through a newspaper, throwing your legs over your legs and watching the streets flash outside the window - this is in the prototype of a mobile hotel, presented in 1963. The car was built on the basis of a series 180 articulated bus. First, the company showed the "accordion" itself, and then, after the exhibition in Budapest, converted it into a comfortable living space. Alas, the Hotelbusz project remained a single one and did not receive even a meager circulation.
But in a decade, Ikarus will return to the topic of mobile real estate and show the project of a conference room on wheels. True, the only concept, built on the basis of a popular 250 series tourist bus, will rather resemble a tuned version of the usual modern "interurban": armchairs, TV, dim lights. Great, but not "space".
But this is quite a "space". The factory made a walking and excursion version of the 200 series bus at about the same time - in 1972. Deprived of a roof as such (there was not even a removable awning!), 45 passengers of such a 12-meter cabrioque could enjoy the surroundings, take photographs and breathe the city air. And in case of precipitation (after all, Hungary is not Southern California), personal umbrellas were issued.
By the way, one of these pleasure buses has taken root in the resort of Sochi. In addition to him, on the roads of the southern city at different times, one-of-a-kind excursion convertibles based on PAZ minibuses and a GAZ-53 truck drove around.
Ikarus-transformer for airports
How do you like the idea of a transfer from the hotel door directly to the plane? And literally - without any walks along the passages and trips on public transport. In 1983, the company introduced a 72-seat monster from the experimental PALT (Passenger And Luggage Together) series. It was a concept with the index 692 - with a retractable telescopic module, through which passengers could climb directly on board. Unlike modern airport technology, the width of this Ikarus made it possible to move on normal roads. And only at the door of the liner did the bus transform into a passenger ladder and a cargo cart.
A year later, the plant presented a high articulated version 695. The luggage compartment had large folding sections, and in the cabin, depending on the version, there were already 100-170 seats. It is a pity that the sensible PALT project (the second version of the name - Person to Aircraft Luggage Taxi) had a bureaucratic flaw: passengers would have to make an intermediate stop in order to corny check-in and check-in. And this ruined the whole idea.
Therefore, the company's third attempt to sew a sleeve to the bus was exclusively the airfield Ikarus 692.03 Apron with four fully steered axles - they compensated for the large length and three-meter width. Unlike the compact solution with a lifting right-hand side, here the designers were not shy: the bumper was wide, and the transformation was more sophisticated. Alas, this concept did not make it to the series.
Structurally, the 1975 Ikarus 270 prototype was one-story, but the yacht superstructure with a separate windshield (and wipers!) Looked stylish. Why was it done? Firstly, for attractiveness - such a bus no longer looked like a usual block on wheels. And secondly, to protect passengers. In such an elegant way, the plant solved the problem of "broken tops", since the ceiling of the intercity bus was raised by 20 centimeters - above the level of a possible collision.
As for the protruding front bumper, similar to the nose of the ship, then, as in the experimental prototypes of Mercedes-Benz, it was able to absorb and disperse frontal impact. Roughly the same could be done by crash-resistant seats with belts and even protective ribs of the body sidewalls. It is a pity that a simpler model went into the series: without unnecessary innovations in safety, but with a greater passenger capacity. Fortunately, passenger belts soon became serial on most long-distance buses.
Two "accordions" in one
The Ikarus plant built its first "accordion" in 1966. And twenty years later he decided to raise the rates. It would seem that more carts - more passengers. And the length? Well, not to ride on serpentines! But an experimental articulated bus with an index of 293 showed the disadvantages of such an undertaking. Firstly, it turned out to be able to handle 22 meters of overall length only on the Hungaroring “formula” track, where the demo races of the novelty took place. But in the city with its intersections and traffic, even the steering rear axle did not help the long product. And secondly, the standard 250-horsepower diesel "six" turned out to be weak for a bus-polynomial, capable of carrying 229 people. Drivers who ran in the prototype noted that even when empty, the triple Ikarus drove, straining.
Having collected several awards and applause from the world press, the prototype quietly sailed into history. True, unlike the forgotten and destroyed experimental buses, he survived and continues to work … in Tehran.
Ikarus on rails
Agree, the idea of a road train in its radical understanding could not but be in the air. Rail shuttle bus! Why not, if the width and talents of the plant designers allow. At the dawn of the eighties, Ikarus made friends with the rolling stock company Ganz-MAVAG. The result of the friendship was project 725 - a rail motris with a road bus body, which could be sold domestically and actively exported.
In 1983, the first of two copies of the 725.00 was ready, with a reinforced body of the 200 series. The length of the two-section train exceeded 25 meters. Having run in the first-born and recognizing the scheme as successful, the partners added three more cars and an additional Cummins engine in the middle. And soon they agreed on deliveries of "seven hundred and twenty-fifths" to Asia: to Malaysia and Singapore. True, the volumes were not impressive: the first country ordered ten trains, the second even less. That was the end of the export, and the only market for the rail Ikarus was the domestic Hungarian one. Motris became shorter: versions with two motors and five sections disappeared, and by the nineties the production of rail buses had completely lost its prospects.By inertia, the Hungarians tried to create simplified railway versions from modified serial buses, but the fuse quickly dried up and the "experimental" ones were returned to the roads. And those full-fledged Motris that ran around Singapore eventually found peace in Thailand.
And this craft can be safely dignified as a tribute to the era of "Ikarus". The miniature bus is assembled by hand, but not in a factory or even in Hungary. Hommazh was from Nalchik and was born through the efforts of pensioner Kachazum Alkhazov. The Kabardian gave 30 years of his life to the profession of a driver, and after retiring, in five years he made a mini-copy of his favorite car - AKH-60.
Despite its modest dimensions, the bus is built using serial Ikarus parts: for example, glass, some controls and fittings. The engine (located in the base) is taken from the Volga GAZ-24. The gearbox was borrowed from it, but with a clutch from the UAZ. And the suspension parts were found among the spare parts of the rare rear-wheel drive "Loaf" and "Zaporozhets".
If you look closely at the cabin, you can see eight seats from the RAF. At the same time, the Riga minibus was not the basis: Alkhazov assembled his project on an original frame. And the most interesting thing: I was able to officially register the craft. True, in the passenger B-category, which is unusual for Ikarus.
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