Video: 10 Off-road Vehicles With & Nbsp; Really Cool All-wheel Drive
Finding a car on the market with a decent ground clearance, four-wheel drive and some kind of cross-wheel locks (or their imitation) is not difficult. Another thing is to find a car with the same input, but which will really allow you to drive into impassable thickets. And return from there without assistance. Think back to 10 impressive all-terrain vehicles whose all-wheel drive transmissions are as surprising as their carriers.
Someone probably heard stories from fathers, grandfathers or great-grandfathers about this three-axle all-wheel drive truck, which carried people, building materials, and BM-13 installations on its shoulders. He was simple, hardy, relatively comfortable, reliable, and most importantly, practically invulnerable. That is why the Lend-Lease Studebaker US6 became a legend during his lifetime.
Although the US6 had a simplified version with a 6x4 drive, most of the cars were supplied to the USSR with all drive wheels, and the front axle was connected through a transfer case with a reduction gear. A decent 250 millimeters of ground clearance (under the lowest part of the underbody parts), multiplied by efficient rubber, helped Studer to wade through both snow and harsh mud. Many solutions implemented on the US6 later found their embodiment on domestic trucks - for example, the GAZ-51.
The story of this car, which can be absolutely anything (even a shunting locomotive!), We recently told in detail. But it is so rich and multifaceted that it continues to be completed today: quite recently, a pair of Unimog U 5023 rose to a height of 6694 meters above sea level, making the model the highest-altitude wheeled transport in the world. Is this not proof that the brainchild of Albert Friedrich is one of the best all-terrain vehicles in the world?
The original idea of Unimog turned out to be so successful that since 1948 it has not undergone significant changes: a ladder-type frame, portal axles, plug-in four-wheel drive and an impressive ground clearance reaching half a meter - all this was still on the early versions of the German all-terrain vehicle. Now the car is being improved from year to year so that it remains a reliable assistant in the field, a hardy all-terrain vehicle … and the most unusual locomotive, which is already there.
Volvo Laplander L3314
It is easy to guess that the coolest all-terrain vehicles were most often owned by the armed forces. For example, such as the Volvo Laplander. The development of this vehicle began in the 50s, when the Swedish army needed off-road vehicles. A trial batch of 10 copies was prepared already in 1959.
However, Laplander eventually took root not only among the military, but also in civilian life - mainly among foresters, fans of extreme recreation and motor sports: this car even won the Dakar! With a ladder frame, portal axles, 380mm ground clearance and a robust all-wheel drive system, it has proven to be ideal for those who don't (or have to) don't recognize asphalt. Moreover, Laplander's portal bridges turned out to be so successful that to this day they are often transplanted even to domestic UAZs. The Swedish all-terrain vehicle had an heir (in the person of the Volvo С303) and even an Austrian brother, which will be discussed further.
Like his Swedish brother, Pinzgauer was born by order of the army - in this case the Swiss. And, like the Laplander, this car has such outstanding off-road characteristics that it is often dismantled for parts in order to improve the cross-country ability of more civilian models. But where the Pinzgauer and Laplander are fundamentally different is their lifespan: if Volvo stopped producing in 1981, Pinzgauer is still being assembled!
This all-terrain vehicle can be either four or six-wheeled.What will always remain unchanged is the presence of all-wheel drive, a backbone frame (in which the components of the power plant are part of the frame - this increases the torsional rigidity of the entire structure), transaxle schemes (for better weight distribution) and 335 millimeters of ground clearance. Pinzgauer can overcome fords up to 70 centimeters deep and steep mountains: the angles of entry and exit from the mountain are 38 and 45 degrees, respectively.
Land Rover 101 Forward Control
By the way, Pinzgauer at one time ousted another outstanding all-terrain vehicle from the ranks of the British army - Land Rover 101 Forward Control. This car is rarely remembered, which, it seems to us, is not entirely fair. After all, in addition to military service, she managed to become a star of movie screens: remember the futuristic trucks in the movie "Judge Dredd"? So, they were built on the basis of Forward Control.
Prior to resigning and becoming an actor, the 101 Forward Control was used as a tug for the L118 artillery gun as well as to transport ammunition. It got its unusual name thanks to the forward-shifted cockpit, in which the driver is located almost above the front axle. Such a British Shishiga, in general. By the way, about Shishiga …
You can criticize Shishiga as much as you like for the terrible ergonomics of the driver's workplace, but what the Soviet all-terrain vehicle cannot be denied is its cross-country ability. The GAZ-66 is an off-road Kalashnikov assault rifle: simple, reliable and efficient. That is why the armed forces still operate this machine, although its production was discontinued more than 20 years ago: Shishiga was produced from 1964 to 1999.
For the benefit of cross-country ability, there is an all-wheel drive system, cam limited slip differentials, a wheel inflation system, an almost perfect weight distribution and 315 millimeters of ground clearance at the lowest point. A hydraulic booster is provided to facilitate maneuvering at low speeds. In the Russian version of Top Gear, the presenters tried to destroy Shishiga - by analogy with the ToyotHilux pickup in the British version, but the test team failed.
ToyotLand Cruiser 70
“There are still devils in a quiet pool” - this is just about the Land Cruiser 70. At first glance, there is nothing remarkable in the car: front and rear axles, four-wheel drive, two-stage transfer case, interwheel differential locks, frame structure - there are a lot of similar cars on the market … Nevertheless, it was the Land Cruiser 70 that turned out to be so technically perfect and thoughtful that it has been produced without significant changes for more than 30 years - from 1984 to the present day!
The components of the Land Cruiser's success, in addition to a reliable transmission, are power units, including the 1HZ in-line diesel "six" - this engine is from the privileged club of "millionaires". Now 70 Kruzaks are used by the police and ambulances of Australia and the Middle East, as well as UN peacekeepers. Well, trial lovers, of course.
At this point, the main theme of the "Squad America" cartoon should play. The military Humvee and its civilian version, the Hummer H1, have repeatedly demonstrated their outstanding off-road capabilities, both in peacetime and during military operations. No wonder - after all, in this machine everything is subject to the fact that it remains invulnerable as long as possible.
A spar frame, a wheel inflation system, wheel reducers, center-mounted brakes, an indestructible GM 4L80e automatic transmission, minimal overhangs and a low center of gravity are just a few of the most basic features that have made Hammer a name. Alas, the civilian version of the car was not very popular, being unnecessarily bulky, gluttonous and cramped in the cabin, so its age was short-lived. But for the army, Humvees are still being produced - for 36 years.
Mercedes-Benz G 500 4x4²
If before that it was exclusively about utilitarian cars, which can drive up to the casino in Monaco only in the event of martial law or an armed raid, then in the case of the G 500 “squared” the context is completely different. More than an off-road SUV, it was able to remain glamorous enough to fit in city traffic. But only "appropriate" - he will not be inconspicuous anywhere and never.
The G 500 4x4² is a more affordable version of the exclusive G 63 AMG 6x6 pickup.The G500 has fewer wheels, less horsepower and less Newton meters, but in all other respects it is in no way inferior to its sibling: it also has portal axles, locks on all three differentials, double shock absorbers in a circle and a ground clearance of 450 millimeters! I wonder if something like this will appear on the basis of the new Gelenevagen?
The Shaman's fame has already gone far beyond the borders of Russia: the domestic amphibious all-terrain vehicle is admired in Great Britain, the USA, and Canada. This is because this car feels equally confident both on a hard surface and on water.
The 6.3-meter colossus has a drive to all 8 wheels, which can be used as propellers on the water. In addition, a separate propeller provides additional thrust on the water. The Shaman has independent suspension of all wheels and ultra-low pressure tires, so the amphibian can drive almost anywhere. And due to the fact that all 8 wheels are steerable, the Shaman turned out to be very maneuverable, which is useful off-road.
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