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Video: Smart Home: Interesting Facts About Jaguar Land Rover's New Tech Center
Jaguar Land Rover has opened a new manufacturing center in Gaydon, a hundred and fifty kilometers from London. It is now the new home for all future Jaguar and Land Rover models. And the house is very technological, "thinking" not only about the cars themselves, but also about the environment in which these cars have to drive. So why is it important?
This is the first Jaguar Land Rover venture to bring together a research and development center and a design studio under one roof. Around 13,000 engineers and designers work side by side here, guiding the new Jaguar and Land Rover models through all stages of creation, from design sketch to field trials of a pre-production prototype. Somewhere right now, the flagship Jaguar XJ sedan of the new generation is being brought to mind, a futuristic unmanned concept car is being removed from a special modeling clay from a special modeling clay (it will be shown soon, but for now - a secret), and a Jaguar F- hidden under camouflage is rolling around the territory. Pace, which, judging by the absolutely quiet ride, also decided to marry with electric motors. Do you feel the pattern? In fact, in all the models that are now being worked on at Gaydon, one way or another, two themes are revealed: autonomous driving and electric traction.
And this is no coincidence: the opening of the new center is one of the milestones of Jaguar Land Rover's concept called Destination Zero. The name can be translated as “Destination - Zero”, and the idea is that Jaguar Land Rover wants to nullify two indicators: the number of accidents involving Jaguar and Land Rover cars and the level of harmful emissions.
The first task will be helped by drones: a prototype of the fifth-generation self-driving Land Rover Discovery flaunts right here, in the main lobby. It is all hung with cameras, radars and lidars, and its trunk is more like a server room - packed to capacity with system units, coolers and braids of wires, and in the back row there are several computers. In this form, the unmanned "Disco" roam around the outskirts of Gaydon, and there is no need to talk about a certain level of autonomy in relation to this machine: the autopilot intelligence can be adjusted to different levels of difficulty, from simple following the markings on the Autobahn to confident self-driving on dusty primers without all the necessary infrastructure.
With the second zero indicator - the level of emissions - things are much more interesting. Of course, first of all, we are talking about the total electrification of the model range: Jaguar Land Rover cars are actively switching either to pure electric traction or to different schemes of hybrid power plants. But the "green" approach in the understanding of Jaguar Land Rover is a more complex thing: it concerns not only the power plants, but also the components used, and production technologies, and even the building itself, where the cars are developed. And it makes sense to talk about this in more detail.
Why is the new center so cool?
This is one of the most advanced enterprises in the UK in terms of sustainable development - the so-called volumetric concept, which implies the wise use of natural resources and the development of production technologies taking into account the care of the environment, improving the quality of life, and so on. To put it simply: the company must work in such a way as not to spoil the nature and the mood of its employees. Therefore, the new center in Gaydon creates 20 percent of the energy consumed independently, and this energy is environmentally friendly: it is provided by solar panels with a total area of 3,000 square meters.
The buildings are designed in such a way that there is as much natural light as possible inside, for which the designers focused on the project "Eden" - a flower greenhouse in Cornwall, which consists of several domes of special transparent plastic.In all interior spaces, more natural and environmentally friendly materials are used, including wood: here it is even on the roof.
The total area of the new center is an impressive 4 million square meters - enough to house 480 football fields. The territories adjacent to the buildings of the center are carefully thought out and designed so that they are comfortable, and not only for people: the landscape design is organized in such a way as to create a whole ecosystem in which plants and insects participate. And even the design of the territory was carried out with the most efficient use of resources: landscape designers used the soil that was dug during the construction of buildings. In total, 80,000 cubic meters of soil was used for upgrading - enough to fill 30 Olympic swimming pools.
The company already has options for interior materials that are fully consistent with the precepts of sustainable development. They are made according to two principles: the recycling of raw materials (textiles from recycled plastic bottles) and the use of biodegradable materials that are not rejected by nature (fabric from materials of plant origin). Both materials resemble a cross between ordinary synthetic fabric and wool, they are a little rough to the touch, but seem to be quite durable.
Recycling applies not only to textiles, but also to other materials and parts, including Jaguar Land Rover's "proprietary" metal - aluminum. And for the production of new parts, the technology of three-dimensional printing is actively used, and with its help they make not only machine parts, but also new equipment for production workers - for example, special gloves that protect the hands of assembly line workers from injury. Production safety is also one of the points of the Destination Zero program: in addition to gloves, the company develops exoskeletons for employees that will help to lift weights.
The creation of the new center in Gaydon cost the company about half a billion pounds (almost 40 billion rubles). But Jaguar Land Rover sees these costs as investments in the future, and in a broad sense. It is a contribution to shaping a new approach to creating cars that are safe and environmentally friendly throughout their entire life cycle: from the first touch in the design sketch to recycling, after which the car turns into a block of aluminum - and then back into a car. And everything will repeat itself.
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